Card text



Japanese (romanized)

Kādo Tekisuto


card text

Card text (カードテキスト Kādo Tekisuto), also known as the card description,[1] is an area on cards containing effect text that details how a card affects gameplay, or, on Normal Monster Cards, flavor text describing the monster. Card text is located in the Card Description box,[2] which also contains the card's Type, ATK, and DEF (on Monster Cards), and is located beneath the card's artwork.

The flavor text on Normal Monsters almost always only contains lore about the monster (leading to its popular name "lore" or "lore text"); in languages using the Latin alphabet, this text is italicized to indicate that it has no effect on gameplay. Normal Monsters may rarely contain an archetype condition, which is not italic (as it has an effect on gameplay) and is listed at the bottom of the Card Description box.

On all other cards, the card text contains the card effect(s) as well as any costs, conditions, and Materials. If a card lists Materials, these will be listed first on their own line.


Card text often receives errata between printings. This is used for a variety of reasons, including to correct mistakes and mistranslations, correct archetype membership, and to improve clarity.

In the Japanese OCG, starting from Starter Deck 2014, various terms such as 「シンクロ」 ("Synchro"), 「エクシーズ」 ("Xyz"), and 「ペンデュラム」 ("Pendulum") have been abbreviated to the single characters 「 (シンクロ) 」, 「 (エクシーズ) 」, and 「 (ペンデュラム) 」 to save space on card text. The term 「ライフポイント」 ("Life Points") has been similarly abbreviated to 「LP (ライフポイント) 」. The latter is the only one of these abbreviations that has been carried over to other languages, where "Life Points" is now abbreviated "LP" in the card text of several Latin-alphabet languages (except for Portuguese, in which it is abbreviated "PV" instead) as well as in the Korean OCG.

Card text standardization and clarification efforts

There have been two major attempts to standardize and clarify the card text in the TCG.

The first was the Simplified Effect Text, which shortened several common phrases by taking out implied words or rephrasing the phrase altogether. The Simplified Effect Text has been used on all cards released since Power of the Duelist, until the introduction of the next text standardization.

The second was the Problem-Solving Card Text, which uses a highly consistent structure for all cards to minimize the need for card rulings. It has been used on all cards released in Booster Packs since Generation Force and all cards released in Starter Decks since Starter Deck: Dawn of the Xyz.


  1. Yu-Gi-Oh Trading Card Game - OFFICIAL RULEBOOK Version 8.0
  2. Yu-Gi-Oh Trading Card Game - OFFICIAL RULEBOOK Version 5.0
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